AI, Science, Data, Information: A Brave New World for International Law

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is omnipresent in public discourse across the world. For every social ill or need there appears to be an AI solution ready to revolutionise the way we control borders, conduct war, deliver social services, or simply find what we are looking for on Google or Amazon. On the other hand, the sharp progresses of AI capabilities have been accompanied by a growing recognition of the need to proactively address its societal implications and legal ramifications in keeping with contemporary international law.

This discourse over AI also reflects the unabated discussion of the role of science in our legal discipline. Today, science is readily instrumental to tackling with global problems that cause irreversible consequences, first and foremost, climate change. Scientific expertise is also increasingly needed in international litigation, since cases having to deal with complex scientific questions are on the rise.

At the same time, the multiple uses of data can facilitate global progress but simultaneously might undermine multiple human rights (i.e. right to life, privacy, equality). In addition, the advent of the “fake news” phenomenon and the multiplication of information sources, which transform the notion of informed citizen and call upon international law to function effectively vis-à-vis narratives and policies that might reject its own premises.

The recent evacuation of Afghanistan by US (coalition) forces (deficient intelligence/blocking of news/failure of technology in US bombing) or the protracted negotiations on climate change actions (challenging climate change/use of data and science in negotiations and judicial processes) illustrate how AI, science, data and information create a brave new world for international law, a thick layer of new constants that must be accommodated by it and employed for humanity’s advancement.

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Hellenic Branch of the ILA – Annual Conference – 1 April 2022 – 10:00-14:30 [EET]
AI, Science, Data, Information: A Brave New World for International Law
10:00 - 10:15 Opening Remarks [Maria Gavouneli, Professor, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens]
10:15 - 11:15 Panel 1: AI and Aspects of Sovereignty** [Moderator: Maria Gavouneli, Professor, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens]
  • Eleni Anagnostopoulou, Ph.D student at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
    Digital sovereignty: redefining the concept of sovereignty under international law?
  • Foto Pappa, PhD student at the Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies
    Digital agriculture: A problem for the right to food sovereignty?
  • Lydia Veneri, Ph.D student at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
    AI and blockchain as a solution to protect big data
11:15 - 11:30 Break
11:30 - 12:30 Panel 2: AI and Human Rights [Moderator: Vassilis Pergantis, Assistant Professor, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki]
  • Dr. Ioanna Pervou, Adjunct Lecturer at the Democritus University of Thrace
    AI surveillance during public health emergencies: human rights considerations
  • Anastasia Karagianni, Ph.D student at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
    AI & the challenges to international and regional human rights legal framework
  • Alexandra Ziaka, Research Officer to the Human Rights, Big Data and Technology Project (HRBDT) of the Human Rights Centre, University of Essex; External advisor of the Biomedical Research Foundation of the Academy of Athens
    Businesses’ corporate responsibility for a human rights-centred Artificial Intelligence
  • Efstratios Koulierakis, PhD student at the University of Groningen
    The Right to Privacy in a Digital World: Are Knowledge Graphs a Problem or a Solution
12:45 - 13:00 Break
13:00 - 14:00 Panel 3: AI and Security [Moderator: Konstantinos Antonopoulos, Associate Professor, Democritus University of Thrace]
  • Dr. Tamas Molnar, Visiting lecturer on international law, Corvinus University of Budapest; Legal research officer, EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (Vienna)
    Algorithmic decision making in migration and security in the EU: challenges in ensuring effective remedies
  • Triantafyllos Kouloufakos, LL.M, Attorney-at-Law
    The cyber norm to protect critical infrastructure
  • Eleni Katopodi, Research Associate at the Technische Universität München
    Qu'ils mangent de la brioche’: How Digital Assets annul the Effectiveness of Sanctions
  • Dr. Themistoklis Tzimas, Adjunct Lecturer at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
    Data manipulation and weaponization
14:15 - 14:30 Closing remarks [Dr. Kyriaki Noussia, Associate Professor, University of Reading School of Law]

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